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11 types of Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. While most individuals are familiar with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, it is essential to recognize that there are 11 distinct types of diabetes.

As a naturopath, nutritionist, and gut specialist, I, Leah, aim to shed light on these different types, their underlying causes, and the importance of holistic management strategies. By understanding the nuances of each type, we can empower individuals to take charge of their health and make informed choices.

1. Type 1  (T1D):

T1D is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. It typically develops during childhood or adolescence and requires insulin replacement therapy for blood sugar regulation.

2. Type 2  (T2D):

T2D is characterised by insulin resistance, where the body becomes less responsive to insulin’s effects. Lifestyle factors, such as poor diet, sedentary behaviour, and obesity, play a significant role in its development. Management often involves dietary changes, exercise, medication, and sometimes insulin therapy.

3. Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA):

LADA is a slow-progressing form of autoimmune disorder that shares characteristics with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It occurs in adulthood and may initially appear as type 2 diabetes but eventually requires insulin treatment.

4. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM):

GDM develops during pregnancy and affects the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels. Although it usually resolves after childbirth, it increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

5. Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus (NDM):

NDM is a rare condition that manifests in infants under six months of age. It is caused by genetic mutations affecting insulin production. With proper treatment, many individuals with NDM can transition to oral medications or even remission later in life.

6. Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY):

MODY refers to a group of genetic disorders characterized by impaired insulin secretion. It typically presents in adolescence or early adulthood and can often be managed with lifestyle modifications and oral medications rather than insulin.

7. Type 3c Diabetes:

Type 3c diabetes results from damage to the pancreas due to conditions like pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, or cystic fibrosis. It leads to impaired insulin production and requires careful management of both the underlying condition and blood sugar levels.

8. Chemical-Induced Diabetes:

Exposure to certain medications, chemicals, or toxins can cause diabetes. Examples include corticosteroids, antipsychotic drugs, and environmental toxins. Identifying and avoiding these substances is crucial for managing chemical-induced diabetes.

9. Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes (CFRD):

Individuals with cystic fibrosis are prone to developing CFRD due to pancreatic damage and reduced insulin secretion. Management involves a combination of insulin therapy, proper nutrition, and respiratory care.

10. Steroid-Induced Diabetes:

Prolonged use of corticosteroids for conditions like asthma or autoimmune disorders can lead to steroid-induced diabetes. Close monitoring of blood sugar levels and lifestyle adjustments are essential components of management.

11. Other Genetic Forms of Diabetes:

There are rare genetic forms of diabetes caused by specific gene mutations. Examples include Wolfram syndrome, mitochondrial diabetes, and Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome. Treatment involves specialised care and genetic counselling.

Understanding the various types of diabetes is crucial for effective management and individualised treatment plans. 

Recognising the interconnected nature of these conditions provides valuable context and support in navigating the complexities of diabetes management.

Leah, our dedicated naturopath and nutritionist, advocates for holistic strategies that not only target specific symptoms but also contribute to overall well-being.

Click here to explore a holistic perspective on autoimmune diseases, offering insights that complement our exploration of diabetes types.

Telehealth Naturopath
Australia Wide

Naturopath and Nutritionist